Why Europe is afraid of Russia, a brief overview of brutality throughout history

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Why Europe is afraid of Russia, a brief overview of brutality throughout history

Fear of Russia in European countries is a consequence of history, especially what happened during and after the Cold War. In fact, for some, the Cold War never ended. Many still remember what has happened since the end of World War II, and what causes them to fear.

The beginning of Russia's aggression against Ukraine has strengthened that fear and is present among those who do not remember what happened until three decades ago.

World War II

Animosities towards Russia were caused even before the Cold War, ie several years before and during the Second World War.

The artificial famine of the 1930s in parts of the Soviet Union is one of the most brutal crimes of the regime of Joseph Visarionovich Stalin. The crime was a reaction to the resistance of part of the population in Ukraine, the North Caucasus, and the lower Volga River to the economic policy of collectivization.

It is estimated that the famine, known as the Holodomor or the Holodomor, caused the deaths of between three and seven million people, mostly Ukrainians. Hence, the author of the definition of genocide, Raphael Lemkin, considers the claim that this is genocide in Ukraine and that genocide took place.

It is unacceptable to some that the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Germany in 1939, called the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact because they believe that it was a strong encouragement to the Nazis in Germany to start a war.

Poland was one of the biggest victims of the non-aggression pact. The mentioned pact contributed to another Soviet crime, and that is the one from the beginning of the 1940s in the Katyn Forest in Poland. At that time, more than 20,000 Poles - soldiers, policemen, and intellectuals - were killed as a result of the Soviet attack, carried out in accordance with the pact which included the division of zones of interest between the Soviet Union and Germany.

The Soviets tried to cover up this crime. The Soviet Union is among the most deserving of the defeat of the Nazis and fascists, but its soldiers are also responsible for the crimes that took place at the end of World War II.

This also applies to the rapes they committed in the countries that liberated them from the occupiers. Serbia is among them. The president of socialist Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito, allegedly complained to Stalin about these crimes.

The Cold War

Tito rejected Stalin's attempt to make Yugoslavia part of the Soviet sphere of influence after the war, at a time when it was feared that the Soviets would carry out a military invasion of the state of the southern Slavs.

The Soviet invasions and aggressions took place in 1956 in Hungary and in 1968 in Czechoslovakia, in order to survive under Soviet influence. NATO was formed before the mentioned invasions, precisely because of the fear of the possibility that Stalin would try to control the whole of Europe.

American military interventions in some Asian countries stemmed from the belief that the domination of the Communists by one state, ie. falling under Soviet influence means that this will happen in another state - domino theory.

Interventions with a specific containment or suppression policy have tried to prevent this. Suppressing the influence of the Soviet Union was part of the doctrine of former United States President Harry Truman. The Marshall Plan, named after US Secretary of State and General George Marshall, was also used to combat influence in Europe.

The plan included generous financial assistance, $ 13 billion, for the reconstruction of the countries of the Old Continent, in order to prevent them from falling under the influence of the Soviet Union. The attitude of Europeans towards Russia was determined by other brutalities within the Soviet Union.

This primarily refers to the abolition of most of the human rights of this alliance. Among other things, the verses of Branimir Johhny Štulić from "Azra's" song "Sons of Whores" were addressed to the Soviets.

After the Cold War

The Soviet Union disappeared in the least expected way - it collapsed on its own. Then the bipolar world ended, the unipolar world that meant American domination began, and the end of the Cold War was declared.

When Russia consolidated, primarily politically, under the regime of longtime President Vladimir Putin, what some see as a revival of the Soviet Union began to happen. Brutal confrontations with political dissidents and interference in the internal relations of other countries have started again.

We remind you of the poisoning of former Russian intelligence officer Sergei Skripal in Great Britain and former Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko. In 2008, Russia intervened militarily in Georgia, which was fighting separatists in the South Ossetia region.

It has supported and continues to support pro-Russian separatists, just as it supports pro-Russian separatists in another Georgian region, Abkhazia, Azerbaijan's Nagorno-Karabakh region, and Moldova's Transnistria region.

The Russians also interfered in internal relations in Montenegro and Northern Macedonia, as well as in relations in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These are countries that want to be part of the Western world. The biggest Russian military intervention, i.e.

aggression in support of pro-Russian separatists since the end of the Cold War is in Ukraine. The beginning of the war in Ukraine has made relations between Russia and the West the worst in the last 30 years, and some have concluded that this is also a confirmation that the Cold War never really ended.

Belarus is the only European country that has good and stable relations with Russia, which is not the case with other countries.