EU Elections: Some Push for a Unified EU State, Others Advocate Its Dissolution

Before the European elections, the Greens would like the EU to become a "state", and the alternative for Germany would be for the EU to dissolve, besides there are several other strong "options"

by Sededin Dedovic
EU Elections: Some Push for a Unified EU State, Others Advocate Its Dissolution
© Maja Hitij / Getty Images

The European elections are approaching, and the campaign in Germany is heating up. In this country, there is no threshold for European elections – even with about 0.5 percent, a party gets at least one representative in the European Parliament, writes DeutscheWelle.

Currently, according to polls, the Christian Democrats are convincingly leading with around 30 percent support. The Greens and Social Democrats are at around fifteen percent each, similar to Alternative for Germany. Following is the "Alliance of Sarah Wagenknecht" with around seven percent, while the Liberals and the Left have three to four percent each.

Greens want federal structuring No other German party goes as far in envisioning the future of the EU as the Greens. They want the EU to become a "federal European state." This formulation now stands in the coalition agreement of the federal government composed of Social Democrats, Greens, and Liberals.

For the Greens, German interests are simultaneously European interests, without any difference or contrast. The European Union should become "strategically sovereign," meaning it should be able to act independently in foreign and defense policy.

The Greens want to provide even stronger support to Ukraine. They see it as a future EU member and want negotiations on Kiev's accession to start as soon as possible. All other German parties are more cautious on this issue. The Greens continue to focus on climate policy.

They want more investment in this area, even if it means additional borrowing. They also support a liberal asylum policy, despite criticism from the majority of Germans toward such a policy. Social Democrats for strengthening workers' rights Solidarity and social security are key concepts in the program of the Social Democratic Party of Germany.

Identifying minimum standards of social systems in the EU and establishing a minimum wage at the EU level are part of that program. "By 2050, we will make Europe the first sustainable and neutral continent regarding greenhouse gas emissions" – this sentence could also be in the Greens' program, but it stands with the Social Democrats.

Consistent climate policy, higher standards in asylum rights, massive increase in public investment – all this sounds very similar to what the Greens promote. However, SPD differs from the competition in one point: "Peace in Europe is not possible against, but only with Russia." SPD is considered a "peaceful party" that, despite Russia's violations of international law, seeks "a new European policy toward the East."

A woman walks past an election campaign poster of the German Social Democrats (SPD) showing German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and SP© Sean Gallup / Getty Images

Liberals are thrifty The third party in the federal government, the liberal FDP, focuses on entirely different things in its program while simultaneously criticizing the competition.

"Initiatives by the President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen – such as EU bureaucratic guidelines on supply chains or the ban on heating with oil and gas – may result in additional burdens on the economy and citizens," the program of the German liberals states.

FDP also wants to support Ukraine more in the future, but emphasizes that financial resources, regardless of purpose, must first be earned before they start to be spent. Christian Democrats for strengthening defense The Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Bavarian Christian Social Union (CSU) are defined as the last people's parties in Germany, the party chosen by citizens from a wide range of social groups.

Therefore, the CDU program looks like this: climate protection, but without pressure; market economy, but with social mechanisms; European solidarity, but with a prudent budget policy. However, this balance does not always succeed.

CDU distances itself from its member, President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, because CDU wants to overturn the Brussels plan according to which the production of internal combustion engines would only be allowed until 2035.

When it comes to climate protection or migration, CDU advocates much more restrictive views than was the case during the time of former Chancellor Angela Merkel. CDU wants to significantly strengthen the arming process of the European Union, including its own aircraft carriers and missile defense.

Alternative for Germany against the EU Alternative for Germany (AfD) is the complete opposite of the Greens, not only in terms of European policy. It is the only party in the Bundestag that advocates for the dissolution of the EU in its current form.

"We believe that the EU cannot be reformed and consider it a failed project," is a text from AfD's election program. The party advocates for a "alliance of European nations," a European economic and interest community that has yet to be formed, a community where the sovereignty of member states would be guaranteed.

They want to maintain the EU internal market. AfD holds radically different views on relations with Russia as well. They demand the lifting of economic sanctions and a re-approach to Moscow.

European Germany