Victory of Right-Wing Parties in France and Austria: Far-Right AFD Second in Germany

After several decades, we are witnessing a change in politics in Europe at a time of never greater tensions, although in the majority of "smaller" countries left and centrist parties won

by Sededin Dedovic
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Victory of Right-Wing Parties in France and Austria: Far-Right AFD Second in Germany
© Sean Gallup / Getty Images

The far-right has won the most votes in the European Parliament (EP) elections in France and Austria, while in Germany and the Netherlands it took second place, according to projections based primarily on exit polls, reports AP.

In the European Parliament, where around 1,000 journalists are covering election night, it was announced that the far-right party National Rally, led by Marine Le Pen, received the most votes in France, securing 31.5%.

Leader of French National Rally party (RN) Marine Le Pen (C), leader of Czech Freedom and Direct Democracy party (SPD) Tomio Oka© Gabriel Kuchta / Getty Images

In second place, but far behind, is the coalition led by French President Emmanuel Macron, with 15.2% of the votes, and in third is the Socialist Party with 14%.

The leftist party Unsubmissive France, led by Jean-Luc Mélenchon, received 8.7%, while the Republicans got 7.2%. Regarding political groups in the EP, which parties join after the European elections, out of 81 French seats in the EP, the far-right group Identity and Democracy will have 30, the liberal group Renew Europe 14, and the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) 13.

The Left will have eight seats, the European People's Party (EPP) six, and the Greens/EFA and the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) five each. In Germany, the most votes went to the conservative coalition of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Christian Social Union (CSU) – 29.5%, with the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) securing 16.5%.

In third place are the ruling Social Democrats, which include Chancellor Olaf Scholz, with 14%, followed by the ruling Greens with 12%, and the Alliance Sarah Wagenknecht with 5.5%. The ruling liberals took sixth place with 5%, while the Left is in seventh place with 2.8%.

Out of Germany's 96 seats in the EP, the European People's Party (EPP) got 30, the Greens/EFA 16, the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) 14, the liberal group Renew Europe eight, and the Left four.

German parties not belonging to any of the existing seven groups in the EP will have 24 seats in the new session, including 19 AfD MEPs, according to exit polls.

A demonstrator holds a placard in German saying Everyone hates Nazis during a pro-democracy demonstration in front of the Bran© Maryam Majd / Getty Images

In Austria, the far-right Freedom Party of Austria took first place with 27% of the votes, followed by the conservative Austrian People's Party with 23.5%, and the Social Democrats with 23%.

The Greens received 10.5%, as did the liberal NEOS. Out of Austria's 20 seats in the EP, the far-right group Identity and Democracy will have six, the EPP and S&D five each, and the Greens/EFA and Renew Europe two each.

In the Netherlands, the coalition of Greens and Socialists received the most votes – 21.6%, while the right-wing Party for Freedom came second with 17.7%, according to exit polls. Out of the Netherlands' 31 MEPs, the groups Identity and Democracy and Renew Europe will have seven each, the EPP six, the Greens and S&D four each, the Left and the right-wing European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) one each.

One MEP does not belong to any of the existing seven groups. In Croatia, the ruling Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) received the most votes – 33.7%, followed by the coalition around the Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP) with 27.8%.

The right-wing Homeland Movement is third with 8.7%, the green-left coalition We Can fourth with 5.8%, and the coalition of Istrian parties fifth with 4.7%. The right-wing Most coalition received 3.7% of the votes. Of Croatia's 12 seats in the EP, six will go to the EPP group, four to the Social Democrats, and one to the Greens/EFA.

One seat will go to the Homeland Movement, which does not belong to any group. In Greece, the ruling New Democracy party of Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis received the most votes – 30%, with the leftist Syriza second at 16.7%.

The center-left PASOK is third with 12.4%, followed by the Communists (KKE) with 9.1%, and the nationalists with 8.8%, according to exit polls. In the EP, where Greece has 21 seats, eight will go to the EPP, the Left will have four, the S&D group three, and the European Conservatives and Reformists two.

Parties not belonging to any of the existing seven groups in the EP will have four seats in the new session. In Bulgaria, the conservative coalition of the GERB party and the Union of Democratic Forces won the most votes – 26.2%, followed by the liberal coalition of the We Continue the Change party and the Democratic Bulgaria alliance with 15.7%, and the far-right Revival party with 15.4%.

The liberal Movement for Rights and Freedoms received 11.7%, and the Bulgarian Socialist Party 9.7%. The populist party There Is Such a People is in sixth place with 6.4%. Of Bulgaria's 17 seats in the EP, six will go to the EPP group, five to Renew Europe, two to the S&D group, and four to parties not belonging to any group.

In Denmark, which has 15 MEPs, four will go to Renew Europe, three each to the S&D and the Greens/EFA, two to the EPP, and one each to the Left and Identity and Democracy. One MEP does not belong to any group.

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