Hamas Welcomes UN's Comprehensive Plan for Gaza Peace and Reconstruction

The United Nations Security Council has adopted a US-backed resolution calling for a permanent ceasefire in Gaza and urging Hamas to comply, marking a significant step towards peace and stability in the region

by Sededin Dedovic
Hamas Welcomes UN's Comprehensive Plan for Gaza Peace and Reconstruction
© Hindustan Times / YOutube channel

The United Nations Security Council adopted a resolution yesterday, proposed by the United States, for a permanent ceasefire in Gaza and the release of hostages, CNN reported. The resolution was supported by 14 Security Council members, with no opposition, while Russia abstained but did not veto.

The resolution is based on a plan presented by U.S. President Joe Biden on May 31, which he stated is an Israeli initiative, and it envisions establishing lasting peace in several phases. The first phase calls for an immediate ceasefire, the release of some hostages in exchange for the release of Palestinian prisoners from Israeli jails, the start of negotiations on permanent peace, and the massive delivery of humanitarian aid to Palestinians.

Biden's plan stipulates that the first phase should last six weeks, and the adopted resolution states that if negotiations last longer, the ceasefire will continue as long as negotiations are ongoing. The second phase includes a "permanent cessation of hostilities," the complete withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza, and the release of all hostages, while the final phase concerns the long-term outlook for the area and would begin the multi-year reconstruction of Gaza.

Permanent Ambassador to the UN from the United Kingdom Barbara Woodward speaks during United Nations Security Council meeting on© Michael M. Santiago / Getty Images

The American draft resolution explicitly states that Israel has accepted the proposal and calls on Hamas to do the same.

It urges both sides to fully implement its provisions without delay and without conditions. The resolution also emphasizes that the proposal states if negotiations last longer than six weeks for the first phase, the ceasefire will continue as long as negotiations are ongoing.

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, the U.S. Ambassador to the UN, stated: “Over the past eight months, this Council has often faced divisions, and the world has noticed, with understandable frustration. But there is another side to this story.

Because today we adopted the fourth resolution on this conflict”. Riyad Mansour, the Palestinian Ambassador to the UN, said: “Item number one in that resolution is the ceasefire to end these fights. And we are determined with our friends to establish a lasting, permanent ceasefire”.

Reut Shapir Ben-Naftaly, political coordinator, Israeli mission to the UN, said: “Israel will not engage in meaningless and endless negotiations that Hamas can use as a means to stall for time”.

Commitment to the vision of a two-state solution

The resolution welcomes the ceasefire proposal announced on May 31, states that Israel has “accepted” this proposal, calls on Hamas “to also accept it,” and urges both sides to implement its terms “without delay and without conditions”.

Vassily Nebenzia, the Russian Ambassador to the UN, asked: “What exactly has Israel agreed to? Maybe we will hear from the Israeli representative. The Council should not sign any agreement that has vague parameters.

Essentially, this agreement gives carte blanche for details that we do not have”. Nevertheless, the resolution emphasizes that the proposal indicates that “if negotiations last longer than six weeks for the first phase, the ceasefire will continue as long as negotiations are ongoing,” which is the most important.

The text further rejects any attempt at “demographic or territorial changes in the Gaza Strip, including any actions that reduce the territory of Gaza”. It also reiterates the “Security Council's commitment to the vision of a two-state solution in which two democratic states, Israel and Palestine, live side by side in peace within secure and recognized borders” and in this regard emphasizes “the importance of unifying the Gaza Strip with the West Bank under Palestinian administration”.

The resolution followed the suspension of negotiations on a separate draft authored by Algeria, which focused on the Israeli offensive in Rafah, the southernmost province of Gaza. It appears that following Biden's announcement on May 31, Algeria agreed to pause negotiations on its draft resolution while Council members negotiated the American text, Al Jazeera reports.

Hamas accepted the ceasefire resolution

Hamas has accepted the ceasefire resolution adopted yesterday by the UN Security Council, Reuters reported, citing a senior official of the Palestinian group, Sami Abu Zuhri. He added that it is up to Washington to ensure that Israel adheres to the resolution.

U.S. President Joe Biden called on Hamas to accept the ceasefire agreement supported by the U.S. after the UN Security Council adopted a resolution on Monday calling for an immediate halt to fighting in Gaza. On Monday, Hamas welcomed the resolution.

In a statement issued after the vote, Hamas said it is ready to cooperate with mediators and enter indirect negotiations on implementing the agreement’s principles. U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken met in Tel Aviv with two key Israeli opposition leaders – Benny Gantz and Yair Lapid, reports The Times of Israel.

In a post on the social network X, Gantz, who resigned from the Israeli war cabinet on Sunday, said he reiterated to Blinken the necessity of creating “maximum pressure” on Hamas to agree to the ceasefire plan in Gaza voted by the UN Security Council.