Peace Summit on Ukraine Concludes: Who Did Not Sign the Declaration?

The two-day peace conference on Ukraine held in Switzerland concluded with a joint declaration, but several key nations and organizations did not sign the document

by Sededin Dedovic
Peace Summit on Ukraine Concludes: Who Did Not Sign the Declaration?
© Sedat Suna / Getty Images

A two-day peace conference on Ukraine has concluded in Switzerland. It was the first attempt to initiate a peace process at the highest level. The results of the two-day conference at the Bürgenstock Resort on a hill by Lake Lucerne are published on the organizer's website, the Swiss Confederation.

Under the title "Peace Summit on Ukraine: Joint Statement on the Peace Framework," it reads: "The Russian Federation's war against Ukraine continues to cause large-scale human suffering and destruction, creating risks and crises with global consequences.

We gathered in Switzerland on June 15-16, 2024, to advance high-level dialogue on paths to a comprehensive, just, and lasting peace for Ukraine. We reiterated resolutions A/RES/ES-11/1 and A/RES/ES-11/6 adopted at the UN General Assembly and emphasized our commitment to respecting international law, including the United Nations Charter" reports Deutsche Welle.

"This summit builds on previous discussions based on the Ukrainian peace formula and other peace proposals in accordance with international law, including the United Nations Charter." "In particular, we reaffirm our commitment to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, the principle of sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity of all states, including Ukraine, within their internationally recognized borders, including territorial waters, and to resolve disputes by peaceful means as principles of international law.

Furthermore, we have a shared vision on the following key aspects: First, any use of nuclear energy and nuclear installations must be safe, secure, protected, and environmentally acceptable. Ukrainian nuclear power plants and facilities, including the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant, must operate safely and under the full sovereign control of Ukraine and in accordance with IAEA principles and under its supervision.

Any threat or use of nuclear weapons in the context of the ongoing war against Ukraine is unacceptable. Second, global food security depends on the continuous production and supply of food products. In this regard, free, complete, and safe commercial navigation, as well as access to sea ports in the Black and Azov Seas, are crucial.

Attacks on merchant ships in ports and along the entire route, as well as on civilian ports and civilian port infrastructure, are unacceptable. Food security must not be weaponized in any way. Ukrainian agricultural products should be delivered safely and freely to interested third countries.

Third, all prisoners of war must be released through a complete exchange. All deported and unlawfully displaced Ukrainian children, as well as all other unlawfully detained Ukrainian civilians, must be returned to Ukraine.

We believe that achieving peace requires participation and dialogue between all parties. Therefore, we have decided to take concrete steps in the specified areas with further engagement of representatives from all sides. The United Nations Charter, including the principles of respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of all states, can and will be the basis for achieving a comprehensive, just, and lasting peace in Ukraine." At the bottom, it states who signed the statement, indicating 79 countries and 4 organizations: the European Commission, the Council of Europe, the European Council, and the European Parliament.

Some important countries are not signatories.

The German agency dpa notes, "The Swiss hosts had been trying for months to attract as many countries and organizations as possible." 160 were invited, 100 attended, of which 57 were represented by heads of state or government.

"Unlike Olaf Scholz, U.S. President Joe Biden preferred to travel from the G7 summit in Italy to Los Angeles to raise donations for his campaign, so he was represented by his deputy Kamala Harris. Brazil sent only an observer, even though President Lula was in Switzerland.

India and South Africa were represented below the ministerial level," writes dpa and continues:

European Council President Charles Michel, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, French Preside© Antonio Masiello / Getty Images

"Among the 13 delegations that had representatives at the conference but did not sign the statement are 6 countries from the G20 group of major world economies: Brazil, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, India, and Indonesia.

Along with China and Russia, which were not present, this makes eight countries from the influential G20."

High representatives of the Orthodox and Catholic Churches

The Catholic news agency KNA reports that "the honorary head of the Orthodox Church, Bartholomew I, and Parolin, the second highest official in the Catholic Church after Pope Francis, were present and praised the conference but did not sign the joint final declaration." High representatives of the Orthodox and Catholic Churches called for peace at the Ukrainian conference in Switzerland.

The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople said on Sunday: "It is our duty and task to defend and promote peace, and it is shameful to remain silent in the face of the cruelty of war." The Vatican's Secretary of State, Cardinal Pietro Parolin, indirectly expressed support for negotiations between the warring parties, Russia and Ukraine: "We are ready to participate in potential mediation that is acceptable to all parties," said the Pope's chief diplomat, as reported by KNA.

The next summit

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky promised that a second summit would follow soon. Preparations will not take years but months, he said at the closing press conference after the two-day meeting in Switzerland.

Some countries have already expressed willingness to host such a summit. Saudi Arabia is considered a favorite. The document was also not signed by Armenia, Bahrain, the Vatican, Libya, Mexico, Thailand, and the United Arab Emirates.