Borrell foresees for Ukraine a frozen conflict like the one in Korea

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Borrell foresees for Ukraine a frozen conflict like the one in Korea

The High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Josep Borrell, believes that the war between Russia and Ukraine "may not end but will freeze like the war in Korea" from 70 years ago.

“In Korea, the two sides reached a truce and a cease-fire establishing a separation line. That could be the way out of this conflict," said Borrell (75). He said this in Barcelona, ​​where he participated in the event "Global crises, European responses" organized by the local Center for International Relations (CIDOB), La Vanguardia newspaper reported.

"For such a scenario, both Ukraine and Russia should withdraw. Ukraine and Russia would have to withdraw from their current positions to achieve a scenario like the one in Korea," Borrell said. This means that Kyiv and Moscow should stop claiming, defending, or conquering territory.

The armistice agreement in Korea, which is still in force, was signed in 1953 by North Korea and the United States of America, in the role of South Korea's ally. The agreement ended the military operations, and it was supposed to be the basis for a future definitive peace agreement, which has not been realized to date.

The agreement established a demilitarized zone.

"But it is too early to think about (peace) negotiations," said Borrell, who believes that now is not the time to sit the two sides at the table, just as it is not the time to invest efforts in the reconstruction of the country.

"Now we have to focus on avoiding destruction," he said. Borrell has no intention of leading peace talks because he claims, Russia does not accept the European Union as a mediator. "Lavrov (Russia's foreign minister) always prefers to talk directly with the ministers of foreign affairs of EU member states than with me," he said.

Nevertheless, Borrell notes that the bloc of 27 countries must be at the negotiating table because "our sanctions are a key element in any negotiations and because security in Europe is our security." "We must not tire" The war in Ukraine has been going on for nine months, which has caused food, electricity, and gas prices to rise, affecting millions of residents of the European Union and countries outside it.

"It is necessary to find a solution to the problems created by the war. We must not get tired. Putin believes that democratic societies are weak because of the constant debates that take place. He expects the public to demand an end to the war," said the head of EU diplomacy.

Borrell says his task is to show neutral countries in the world that "Russia is the villain, not EU sanctions." In the group of neutrals called "Global South," there are mostly southern countries such as India, Pakistan, and China, as well as some African and South American countries.

"If Russia wins, they will go to the next target. They are asking me to stop the war. I know how to stop him: by cutting off the arms supply to Ukraine. But if we stopped that delivery, what would the consequences be?" he asked.

"If Russia wins this war, it will move on to the next target," he concluded. Borrell, the former foreign minister of Spain, insists on the additional armament of the EU countries. "Europe must start arming itself if it wants to stay up to the task," said the socialist, adding that the countries must mutually agree on which weapons to acquire so as not to "overlap".

"However, this dynamic cannot continue indefinitely, and it is necessary to build a system that would guarantee security in Europe," he added. He asserted that the current mediator in the conflict, the Organization for Security and Co-operation (OSC)E, is not functioning.