Oil extraction sites are distributed throughout the planet and can be divided into different categories based on their productivity. Let's see those considered the most productive in the world. Saudi Arabia is the country with the largest oil reserves in the world and produces over 10 million barrels per day.
The main oil fields are located in the eastern province of the country, including the Ghawar, Safaniya and Khurais fields. Its high productivity is the result of a combination of advanced infrastructure, cutting-edge extraction technologies and significant reserves.
The United States has increased its oil production in recent years thanks to the growth in the exploitation of unconventional oil, such as shale oil. Most production is concentrated in the Permian Basin in Texas and North Dakota, where the use of fracking technology has made it possible to extract oil from previously inaccessible fields.
US production exceeds 12 million barrels per day.
The most productive oil extraction sites in the world
Russia is the world's second largest oil producer, and its reserves are mainly located in Western Siberia. The Samotlor field, located in the Tyumen region, is one of the most important in the country and produces over one million barrels per day.
Russian oil production is supported by a vast network of pipelines connecting the fields to the main consumption areas. Iraq has huge oil reserves and crude oil exports are the country's main source of revenue. Some of its key deposits include Rumaila, West Qurna and Majnoon, located in the southern region of the country.
Political instability and conflict in the country have, at times, affected production, but Iraq still remains one of the world's leading oil producers, producing more than 4 million barrels per day. The oil sands of Alberta, Canada, contain one of the largest oil reserves in the world.
This type of oil requires a complex and expensive process to extract, but Canada has at least 150 billion barrels of proven reserves in its tar sands. Oil production from this area is constantly growing and is around 4 million barrels per day.
In addition to these countries, other major oil producers include Brazil, Kuwait, Iran, and Venezuela. The geographical location of oil fields and political and economic factors significantly influence the productivity of oil extraction sites around the world.
Continuous research and development of new extraction technologies and the exploration of unconventional deposits are helping to maintain a high level of global oil production.