Hybrid Warfare at the Finnish Border: Russia's New Tactic in Migrant Movement

In a concerning development at the Finnish border, recent months have seen a significant increase in the number of migrants crossing from Russia into southeastern Finland without proper documentation.

by Faruk Imamovic
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Hybrid Warfare at the Finnish Border: Russia's New Tactic in Migrant Movement
© Getty Images News/Sean Gallup

In a concerning development at the Finnish border, recent months have seen a significant increase in the number of migrants crossing from Russia into southeastern Finland without proper documentation. This trend, which Finnish authorities describe as a form of "hybrid warfare" by Russia, raises alarms over potential pressure on the European Union's longest border with the country.

A Sudden Increase in Crossings

Finnish border guards have reported a notable rise in undocumented crossings. Since the end of August, the numbers have sharply increased, with 91 people arriving by late September, and an additional 39 on a single Monday.

These figures, although not high in absolute terms, represent a significant spike over a relatively short period. The migrants, predominantly from Syria, Turkey, and Somalia, find themselves at the center of a geopolitical maneuver.

Previously, Russian authorities strictly enforced border control, preventing individuals without the correct documents or visas from reaching Finnish border crossings. However, this policy has apparently shifted. "In recent months, the actions of the Russian authorities, at least on the border with southeastern Finland, have changed in such a way that, unlike before, they have allowed travel despite lack of documents," reported the Finnish Border Guard.

This change in stance marks a departure from Russia's earlier border enforcement policies and suggests a strategic move in the broader context of Russia-EU relations.

Accusations of Hybrid Warfare

The Finnish Defense Minister, Antti Hakkanen, has openly accused Russia of deliberately pushing migrants towards the Finnish border, labeling it a tactic of "hybrid warfare." This term typically refers to a strategy that blends conventional warfare, irregular warfare, and cyber warfare with other influencing methods, such as propaganda and fake news.

Hakkanen's accusations add a layer of complexity to the EU's already strained relationship with Russia. He has vowed to inform NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and the European Union about the situation, indicating the seriousness with which Finland views these developments.

The EU and its member states will likely closely monitor this new dynamic at the Finnish border. The use of migrants in geopolitical strategies is not new, but its application in this context could set a concerning precedent for border politics in Europe.

For Finland, a country known for its stringent border controls and stable immigration policies, this emerging challenge could test its diplomatic and security responses in the face of Russia's apparent new tactic.

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