ChatGPT and Beyond: EU Achieves Historic Agreement on Artificial Intelligence Act

The EU agreed on the rules for artificial intelligence, here's what the new regulation says

by Sededin Dedovic
ChatGPT and Beyond: EU Achieves Historic Agreement on Artificial Intelligence Act
© Carl Court / Getty Images

In a historic move, the European Union has taken the lead in regulating artificial intelligence (AI) after representatives of member states and the European Parliament reached a landmark agreement on the rules governing its use.

This is the first such agreement of a larger and more influential country (state union). Thierry Breton, European Commissioner for Internal Markets, announced the agreement in a statement published on the European Commission's website, highlighting Europe's position as a pioneer in setting new global standards.

Human rights are the most important part of the agreement

The negotiations, which involved the European Parliament, the European Commission and the Council of Europe, resulted in a "binding but balanced framework" that specifically addresses "general purpose AI models".

This framework will ensure transparency for all such models, with stricter requirements for powerful models that have a significant impact on the European single market. The agreement emphasizes the importance of respecting human rights and preventing mass surveillance within Europe.

In addition, tools have been developed to promote innovation and harmonize testing procedures for high-risk AI systems, enabling real-world assessment with appropriate safeguards.

EU Office for Artificial Intelligence

The announcement further emphasizes the establishment of a solid framework for the implementation of the "Artificial Intelligence Law".

These include market surveillance at the national level, the creation of a new EU office for artificial intelligence and the imposition of significant fines on companies that do not comply. Achieving this agreement required a major effort, with nearly 15 hours of negotiations and almost 24 hours of debate during the previous day, according to Reuters.

One of the key points of contention has been how to regulate systems like ChatGPT, which pose a specific challenge in the broader framework of AI governance. Despite the complexities involved, the successful EU negotiations mark a significant step forward in establishing a regulatory framework for AI.

This framework aims to balance innovation with ethical considerations and ensure the responsible development and use of AI technologies within the European Union and potentially beyond. We should soon see how this works in Europe.