A Systematic Review of the Effects of Caffeine on Basketball Performance Outcomes, a study published on the Biology magazine, analyzes in its research: "Caffeine is a stimulant of the central nervous system widely utilized by many athletes to enhance endurance, strength, and power-based sports performances.
Whether ergogenic enhancements following caffeine ingestion result in improvements in sports-specific skills performance has received less attention. In basketball, the ability to execute certain tasks with accuracy, such as shooting and passing, are key factors affecting the outcome of the sport.
Besides being able to excel in accuracy-based tasks, the possession of strong physical attributes, including vertical jump height, sprint speed and agility, are also key components to basketball performance. In this review, an overview of the effects of caffeine on basketball-related skill tasks and physical aspects of performance deemed important for the game is provided.
One of the key focal points is that the efficacy of caffeine is influenced by a multitude of determinants that have an overall impact on the ergogenic capacity of caffeine. Proper awareness of these determinants allows basketball players, coaches, and trainers to have better insights and knowledge in applying caffeine to improve basketball-related performances.
Caffeine is an ergogenic aid in many sports, including basketball. This systematic review examines the effects of caffeine on basketball-related skill tasks along with physical aspects of performance deemed important for the game.
A systematic search was conducted across three databases (PubMed, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science) to identify randomized-controlled trials which examined the effect of caffeine on basketball performance outcomes including: free -throw, 3-point shooting accuracy, dribbling speed, vertical jump height, and linear and repeated sprints.
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Forty-six articles were identified of which 10 met the inclusion criteria. Improvements in vertical jump were identified in four of five studies, agility in two of four studies, and in linear and repeated sprints in two of three studies ormance was observed in any studies.
It is suggested that caffeine is useful for basketball players to improve the physical aspects of their game-play performance but there is little evidence of any change in skill-based performance at present. Further research should clarify the effects of caffeine on basketball performance in women and the role of individual genetic variation on caffeine metabolism.
Basketball players and coaches should be aware of the properties of caffeine before ingesting it as an ergogenic supplement. "