In sports, both individual and team, injuries are the biggest fear that athletes can have, as injuries can put a season, even a career, at risk. Injuries can be from trauma or inflammation. Volleyball-related Adult Maxillofacial Trauma Injuries: A NEISS Database Study, published on the The Journal of craniofacial surgery, said: "Craniofacial trauma among athletes of various sports has been well detailed and described.
Despite this research, there is a dearth of literature describing the nature of facial trauma secondary to volleyball, despite its global popularity. A cross-sectional analysis of volleyball-related facial trauma was conducted using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) database from 2009 to 2018.
Patient demographics, medical injury information (injury type and location), and disposition (observed and discharged, admitted, deceased) were collected and analyzed. χ2 testing was performed to compare categorical variables."
Volleyball-related maxillofacial trauma injuries
"A total of 235 volleyball-related facial traumas were recorded with an estimated 10,424 visits occurring nationally. The majority of injuries were among young adults aged 20 to 29 years (52.3%) and was evenly distributed for men and women.
Lacerations were the most frequent injury type (37.9%), whereas the face was the most common site of injury (41.7%). The majority of fractures involved the nose (71.4%) and among individuals aged 20 through 49 (90.5%). Males had significantly more lacerations than females (75.3% vs 24.7%), whereas females had significantly more contusions / abrasions (64.5% vs 35.5%) and concussions (72.9% vs 27.1%).
Volleyball-related craniofacial injuries can vary depending on patient demographics. This information can help with the development of safety and preventative measures for individuals participating in the sport."
Other sports injuries...
The injuries to which athletes are subject are varied and involve a rehabilitation and recovery process that can range from a few days to several weeks, up to several months.
In soccer players, injuries are varied and very annoying, and force players to stay away from the soccer field for many months before returning to training with the ball. They can be muscle, bone, tendon injuries. Hip injury, in soccer and in sports in general, is one of the most complex injuries to treat.
The study: Ankle Injuries in Soccer Players: A Narrative Review, published on the Curēus, analyzes: "According to the United States National Sports Injury Registration System, a soccer injury is defined as any related accident that occurs during training or a match.
The consequence of this is the restriction of the player’s participation for at least one or more days, depending on the severity of his condition. Re-injury is defined as a type of injury such as a fracture or ankle sprain that occurs in the same anatomical area that the athlete has previously suffered .
A player is considered injured after being diagnosed by the team doctor until he returns to his duties and consequently on the field. Soccer is one of the most popular sport, with many describing it as the" king of sports.
"In recent years, increased global participation in soccer has led to an inevitable increase in injury rates, especially in the lower extremities. Consequently, there is an increase in the epidemiology of soccer injuries, both in professionals and amateur athletes.
The cause of an injury is multifactorial and depends on psychosocial, predisposing , intrinsic, and extrinsic factors. Also, contact with another player and non-contact injuries seem to be the most widespread mechanisms of injuries.
The most common injuries recorded in soccer are ankle sprains and hamstrings injuries. More specifically, many studies have shown a correlation between the previous injury in lower extremities, weakness of abductors muscle, and psychosocial factors with the ankle sprain.
Additionally, according to study resul ts, injuries in adult men, adolescent men, and women during a match are higher than injuries during training. This narrative review aims to record the epidemiology of ankle injuries, risk factors, and the relationship between circadian rhythm, sleep, and injuries. "