Italy is a member state of the European Union, located in southern western Europe. The cradle of Western civilization as we know it today, ancient Italy was unified by Rome, becoming the administrative, economic, cultural and political center of the Roman Empire. Between the 15th and 16th centuries, with the spread of Humanism and the Renaissance, it once again became the cultural center of the Western world.

Italy is the eighth economic power in the world and third in the European Union, it is a country with a high standard of living: the human development index is very high, 0.895, and life expectancy is 82.9 years. It is a founding member of the European Union, NATO, the Council of Europe and the OECD and adheres to the UN and the Schengen Convention. Italy is also a member of the G7 and G20, participates in the NATO nuclear sharing project, ranks ninth in the world for military spending and is both a regional power and a major global power. It is the fifth most visited country in the world and boasts the largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.