Europe is a geographical region of the world, commonly considered a continent based on historical-cultural and geopolitical factors. As a continent, it is the only one located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and constitutes the western end of the supercontinent Eurasia, or also one of the three parts of the supercontinent Euraphrasia, which is more commonly called the Old World.

It was the cradle of Western civilization, together with the Middle East. European history and culture have significantly influenced those of other continents, towards which, starting from the 16th century, migrations have been frequent and massive, especially in America and Oceania, where populations of European origin have become numerically the majority compared to to local populations.