Germany is a member state of the European Union located in central-western Europe. The territory of Germany covers an area of 357 578 km². With over 84 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state in the European Union, the second largest state in Europe after Russia and the 19th in the world by population. Mainly responsible for the outbreak of the Second World War, during which he perpetrated the crimes of the Holocaust against Jews and minorities subjected to discrimination by the then dominant Nazism, in 1949, after the conflict ended, Germany was divided into two separate states, along the borders of occupation of the Western allies and the Soviets.

National reunification, or more precisely the annexation of the East German territories to the Federal Republic, only occurred in 1990. Germany is the leading economic power in Europe, fourth in the world after the United States, China and Japan and is the fourth largest economy in terms of nominal GDP and the fifth in terms of purchasing power parity. It is the second largest exporting country after China and the second largest importer of goods.